A comprehensive study of artificial neural network for sensitivity analysis and hazardous elements sorption predictions via bone char for wastewater treatment
Journal of Hazardous Materials - SCIE, Q1, Top 5%,
Hoàng Anh Tuấn- Faculty of Automotive Engineering, Dong A University, Danang, Vietnam
Using bone char for contaminated wastewater treatment and soil remediation is an intriguing approach to environmental management and an environmentally friendly way of recycling waste. The bone char remediation strategy for heavy metal-polluted wastewater was primarily affected by bone char characteristics, factors of solution, and heavy metal (HM) chemistry. Therefore, the optimal parameters of HM sorption by bone char depend on the research being performed. Regarding enhancing HM immobilization by bone char, a generic strategy for determining optimal parameters and predicting outcomes is crucial. The primary objective of this research was to employ artificial neural network (ANN) technology to determine the optimal parameters via sensitivity analysis and to predict objective function through simulation. Sensitivity analysis found that for multi-metals sorption (Cd, Ni, and Zn), the order of significance for pyrolysis parameters was reaction temperature > heating rate > residence time. The primary variables for single metal sorption were solution pH, HM concentration, and pyrolysis temperature. Regarding binary sorption, the incubation parameters were evaluated in the following order: HM concentrations > solution pH > bone char mass > incubation duration. This approach can be used for further experiment design and improve the immobilization of HM by bone char for water remediation.