Tác giả: Thi Ngoc Tram Nguyen, Thanh Duy Le, Phuoc Long Nguyen, Duc Hanh Nguyen, Huynh Van Thi Nguyen, Tan Khanh Nguyen, Manh Hung Tran, Thi Hong Van Le
Aquilaria crassna Pierre ex Lecomte, Thymelaeaceae, is cultivated for producing resinous heartwood, also called agarwood. Its leaves are a source of herbal tea in Vietnam due to its rich content of polyphenols. However, the α-glucosidase inhibition activity and the contents of phenolic compounds in leaves of different ages have not yet been determined. In the current study, 7 polyphenols [iriflophenone 3,5-C-β-D-diglucoside (1), iriflophenone 3-C-β-D-glucoside (2), mangiferin (3), iriflophenone 2-O-α-rhamnoside (4), genkwanin 5-O-β-primeveroside (5), genkwanin 4′-methyl ether 5-O-β-primeveroside (6), and genkwanin (7)] were isolated from the leaves of A crassna. Among them, genkwanin (7), an O-methylated flavone, was the most active compound that inhibited α-glucosidase activity, with an IC50 value of 24.0 μM. Molecular docking studies were performed to understand the binding interactions of the active compounds. In addition, a reliable and straightforward reversed-phase HPLC method was developed to determine the content of compounds in different leaves of A crassna. Mangiferin (3) showed the highest content. The contents of 1-4 contributed to the total polyphenolic contents and significantly decreased from the youngest to the oldest leaf. The contents of 5-7 fluctuated through various ages of leaves. Compounds 5 and 6 showed a low accumulation in the first and second leaves, then obtained high contents among middle leaves and declined in the oldest. These results suggested that A crassna and its polyphenols may prevent the development and progression of diabetes through α-glucosidase inhibition. Also, the analysis of the polyphenol content in A crassna may be helpful for tea product manufacture.
Cite: Nguyen, T. N. T., Le, T. D., Nguyen, P. L., Nguyen, D. H., Nguyen, H. V. T., Nguyen, T. K., Tran, M. H., & Le, T. H. V. (2022). α-Glucosidase Inhibitory Activity and Quantitative Contribution of Phenolic Compounds From Vietnamese Aquilaria crassna Leaves. Natural Product Communications. https://doi.org/10.1177/1934578X221080326